The Business Studies syllabus incorporates fundamental aspects of the various business disciplines, leaving out the more specialized concepts for post-school education and training.
The aim of t subject is to provide the learner with opportunities to acquire basic business skills and positive attitudes necessary for the development of self and the nation.
Business Studies, being a living subject, takes into account the need to address contemporary issues, trends in business and current economic issues in society. The teacher, as well as the learners, is therefore expected to update themselves on these trends by making use of resources such as print and electronic media, resource persons and relevant business environment.
The vital role of the learner in the learning process has also been recognized. In this connection, the teacher is strongly advised to employ participatory approaches to learning in order to tap and incorporate the learner’s experiences.
This syllabus has been compiled with a view to accomplishing two fundamental objectives. First, the learners should develop basic principles of agricultural production relevant to Kenya in general, and specifically to their own environments. Secondly, learners should be involved in practices which aim at assisting them to acquire useful agricultural skills. Therefore, it is highly rec1immended that learners be involved in practical work for actual agricultural production.
Affective domain objectives in agriculture are as important as those in cognitive and psychomotor domains. However, they must not be seen as achievable at the end of every single topic. They are long-term objectives and are set out in the general rather than specific objectives. The teacher must not forget them in teaching and in assessment.
The syllabus covers crop production, livestock production, farm power and machinery, farm structures, agricultural economics, and agroforestry. These are distributed throughout the four-year course.
An attempt has been made to arrange the topics in a logical sequence. However, due to different ecological zones and .weather patterns in the country, teachers are advised to take into account these differences when developing their schemes of work. They should also endeavor to cover the syllabus within the allocated time. In topics on crop and livestock production, teachers should select examples which are most suited to their ecological zones. It is highly recommended that a crop museum is established in each school. Students should also be encouraged to plant suitable trees in their schools and label them using common and botanical names for each tree.
Each school is encouraged to harvest its rainwater from the roof catchments, hold it in reservoirs and use it for irrigation and for livestock, among other uses. Rainwater harvesting does not only avail cheap water to the school but also prevents soil erosion and undermining of building foundations. Agricultural and other related activities must not be used as punishment for wrongdoers.
The Secondary Agriculture course aims to:
- develop an understanding of agriculture and its importance to the family and the nation
- promote interest in agriculture as an industry and create awareness of opportunities existing in agriculture and related sectors.
- demonstrate that farming is a dignified and profitable occupation
- enhance skills needed in carrying out agricultural practices
- provide a background for further studies in agriculture
- develop self-reliance, resourcefulness and problem-solving abilities in agriculture
- develop occupational outlook in agriculture
- enable schools to take an active part in national development through agricultural activities
- create awareness of the role of agriculture in industrial and technological development
- enhance understanding of the role of technology and industrialization in agricultural development
- promote agricultural activities which enhance environmental conservation
- promote consciousness of health-promoting activities in agricultural production.
Computer Studies is offered as an optional subject at the secondary school level of education. The syllabus was first developed in 1996 and the subject, being very dynamic, requires that the syllabus is reviewed constantly. This edition is, therefore, a revision.
The Computer Studies syllabus has undergone a major review to bring it up-to-date with current trends and breakthroughs in Information and Communication Technology (ICT). It is the intention of this revised syllabus to be time-independent and to accommodate contemporary technology. This is clearly reflected in the objectives. The aim of the computer studies course is to equip the learner with basic skills that will enable him/her to use a computer for accomplishing day-to-day tasks at school, home and in the world of work. It is the intention of this revised syllabus to give the learner the required knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable him/her to fit and adapt to the ever-changing computer world and appreciate the computer as a tool for tackling day-to-day problems.
The syllabus has been revised to enable the learner to apply skills acquired to develop themselves mentally, morally, socially and spiritually. The learner will also appreciate career opportunities that exist in the world of computer studies and also have a firm foundation for further education and training.
Teachers are advised to use contemporary technology, materials, and resources in order to expose the learner to the advancements made in the field of computer. The teacher should take particular note of new software and hardware developments and should keep themselves up-to-date with new innovations. The introduction of Internet Technology will be particularly useful as a source of information for issues such as HIV/AIDS, drug abuse, environmental issues, human rights, and integrity among others.
Time allocation per topic has been suggested. It is based on three lessons per week in form one and two and four lessons per week in form three and four. The teacher is advised to plan his/her work to fit the allocated time in order to cover the syllabus. In teaching the subject, a lot of creativity and innovative ideas are encouraged in order to make the subject interesting.